Oh. My. God. What a heap of dreamily quaint notions about the transformative power of technology. What is it about 'technology and the future' that causes people to go off on these flights of apocalyptic fancy? The most thoroughly proven thing we can say about technology and the future is that most of our predictions will be wrong.
Take a look at any of the future predicting movies from the '50s (atomic cars) or '30s (flying cars) and get back to me. Oh, and what was that concern in the '60s that technological 'labor saving' devices would take up the burden of so much of our daily work that the big social problem of the future would be too much leisure time. Hello, I just put in a fourteen hour day yesterday turning my little cog in the wheel of technological progress. The Machines have not yet set me free.
And, why, oh why, are people (who are educated enough to know better) compelled to say things like "Large computer networks (and their associated users) may "wake up" as a superhumanly intelligent entity"...? Who started this idea that if you cable enough shit together it will suddenly come alive? Do you have any idea how excruciatingly dumb a router is? No collection of web servers, database servers, and IRC bots is going to have a mass epiphany and take over the world.
Vinge goes further saying of the Singularity "If networking is widespread enough (into ubiquitous embedded systems), it may seem as if our artifacts as a whole had suddenly wakened." And I ask myself, does Vinge have any concept of how limited the intelligence in a network-attached refrigerator would be? A tadpole has more brain power. Why? Because if Maytag can't add Ethernet or WiFi and digital temperature controls to a fridge for less than twenty bucks they're not going to do it. You're not going to see a robust general-purpose CPU with lots of resources in your Frigidaire. It'll be some light-weight low-power web-server-on-a-chip with a couple of DSPs for interfacing with the thermometer, humidity control, motor control and the switch in the door that makes the light go on and off. A big herd of interconnected dumb devices is just a big herd of dumb devices. A vision of the future that has "ubiquitous embedded systems" "waking up" ... words fail me.
And there are other forces out there to pour cold water on Singularity. Social and economic inertia are two of them. The latter being far more fatal to rapid technological change. Vinge's own third possible cause of Singularity ("Computer/human interfaces may become so intimate that users may reasonably be considered superhumanly intelligent.") turns out, in his own paper, to be an evolutionary not revolutionary development of the teaming of man and machine. Which leads me to one last observation: we have absorbed for better or worse every technological change in human history. What makes Vinge so sure that our capacity to roll with the punches is going to expire in the next twenty four years?